Now scroll down to the next section, to see two examples of how to create an in-text citation for a paraphrase.
We will use an example Reference citation for a book with one author to create our in-text citation for a paraphrase (putting an author's material into our own words). Note that the basic elements required for an in-text citation for a paraphrase are the author(s) name(s), and the year of publication (no page numbers are required in APA style for paraphrases). The author's name and year of publication are enclosed in parentheses ( ):
This in-text citation (highlighted in yellow below) goes immediately after the text in your paper where you are using information from this source, and before the period ending your sentence. See the following example:
The author identifies three major power shifts that have taken place over the last five hundred years, ushering in new eras of power. The first he identifies as the rise of the Western world; the second as the increasing prominence of the United States; and the third as the rise of other nations and entities (Zakaria, 2008).
Now that you know how to cite a paraphrase in an in-text citation, let's scroll down to the next section to find out how to cite direct quotes (using the author's actual words).
In APA Style, direct quotations (where you use the author's exact words, phrasing, punctuation, etc.), require one more element than paraphrases--the page number(s) from which the material is taken--in addition to the author and date. They also require that the author's words be enclosed in double quotes (" "), or if longer than 40 words, be offset in a block quotation (we will focus on the shorter quotations here):